The Tanzania Peoples’ Defence Force (TPDF) was created in September 1964. From its inception, it was ingrained in the troops that they were a people’s force under civilian control. They were always reminded of their difference from the colonial armed forces. TPDF was given a very clear mission, to defend Tanzania and everything Tanzanian, especially the people and their political ideology. TPDF sailors, pilots and officers are trained in China.
Tanzania's active armed forces totaled 27,000 in 2002, with reserves numbering 80,000. The army had 23,000 personnel in five infantry brigades, one tank brigade and one engineering regiment. Equipment included 45 main battle tanks and 55 light tanks. The navy had 1,000 personnel and six patrol and coastal combatants. The air defense command numbered 3,000 operating 19 combat aircraft. Police field forces, which include naval and air units, numbered 1,400. Tanzania participated in two peacekeeping efforts on the continent. Defense spending was $19 million in 2001, or 0.2% of GDP.
Tanzanian People's Defence Force (Jeshi la Wananchi la Tanzania, JWTZ) Army, Naval Wing (includes Coast Guard), Air Defence Command (includes Air Wing), National Service (2007)
Military service age and obligation
18 years of age for voluntary military service (2007)
Manpower available for military service
males age 18-49 7,422,869 (2005 est.)
Manpower fit for military service
males age 18-49 3,879,630 (2005 est.)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP
0.2% (2005 est.)