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Tanzania Transportations


The Tanzanian Railways Corporation operates domestic railway services on 3,690 km of track. The Central Line extends from Dar es Salaam to Kigoma; its main branch lines are Tabora to Mwanza and Kaliua to Mpanda. The Northern Line, extending from Dar es Salaam and Tanga to Moshi and Arusha, is linked to the railway systems of Kenya and Uganda. The Tazara railway, operated by the Tanzania-Zambia Railway Authority, links Dar es Salaam in Tanzania with Kpiri Mposhi in Zambia. The Tazara railway is used mainly to transport goods for Zambia and Malawi. In 2003,

Tanzania had 78,891 km of roads, 6,808 km of which were paved. In 2000, there were 134,400 motor vehicles, including 35,600 passenger cars. The Cairo-Cape Town Highway (highway 4 in the Trans-African Highway network) runs through Tanzania between the Kenyan border town of Namanga in the north and the Tanzanian border town of Tunduma in the south-west, via Arusha, Dodoma, Iringa and Mbeya, passing through some of the best scenery in Africa. The section between the Taragire National Park turnoff and Iringa is not paved and can be very difficult after rain especially north of Kondoa Irangi. A longer eastern route is available via Moshi and Morogoro on paved roads but these have often been poorly maintained in the past and full of potholes. In south-west Tanzania the Trans-African Highway follows the Tanzam Highway linking Zambia to the port of Dar es Salaam.

Tanzania has a small national merchant shipping line of three freighters and one tanker. The principal ports on the mainland are Dar es Salaam, Mtwara, Tanga and Lindi, all of which are managed by the Tanzanian Harbours Authority. Tanzanian ports handle cargo for landlocked Zambia, Zaire, Uganda, Rwanda and Burundi. Freight and passenger vessels serve Mwanza and other Lake Victoria ports, among them Bukoba and Musoma. A joint Burundian-Tanzanian shipping company operates on Lake Tanganyika, and the Tanzanian Railways Corporation operates vessels on lakes Tanganyika, Victoria and Niassa. In 2007, Tanzania's merchant fleet comprised 9 ships totaling 24,801 GRT.

Airports in 2006 totaled 124, but only 11 of which had paved runways. Most internal air services are operated by Air Tanzania, which also flies internationally. Charter companies operate flights to government-maintained airports, landing fields, and privately owned airstrips. Foreign airlines provide service from international airports at Dar es Salaam and in the vicinity of Mt. Kilimanjaro (opened in 1971). There is also an international airport on Zanzibar, which maintains its own airline, Zanair. In 2001, scheduled airline traffic carried 171,300 passengers.


124 (2006)

Airports - with paved runways
total 11
over 3,047 m 2
2,438 to 3,047 m 2
1,524 to 2,437 m 5
914 to 1,523 m 1
under 914 m 1 (2006)

Airports - with unpaved runways
total 113
1,524 to 2,437 m 18
914 to 1,523 m 62
under 914 m 33 (2006)

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